Hoy tenemos el primer post de la nueva serie “Vocabulary Straight from Exams”. En esta serie revisaré un exámen (para cada uno de los niveles) y luego las palabras más importantes y/o complicadas irán a parar al curso de Memrise, que podrás llevar siempre contígo para de verdad aprenderte la lección en vez de dejarlo apuntado en la libreta y que desaparezca en el olvido. Recordemos el procedimiento:

  1. Intenta hacer el ejercicio.
  2. Asegúrate de haber comprendido el texto.
  3. Comprueba tu resultado con las respuestas al final del post.
  4. Practica el vocabulario en Intermediate Vocabulary with EnglishExplained.es

TASK ONE (5 x 0.6 mark = 3 marks)
Read the following text and match each paragraph (1-5) to the
heading in the chart that best describes it. Write the corresponding
letters in the boxes provided on the answer sheet. There are three
headings you will not need. Paragraph 0 is given as an example.

HEADINGS
A. Avoid excessive napping
B. Create a calm environment
C. Digestion can result in disruption
D. Don’t stay awake in bed
E. Do frequent physical activity
F. Eat right and get regular exercise
G. Have a nap after a bad night
H. Keep an eye on hormones
I. Set a regular timetable

SLEEP TIPS AND ADVICE

Do you like to have a weekend lie-in or a nightcap before going to bed? These habits could actually be harming your sleep.

0________
– Most of us have natural [simple_tooltip content=’caída, bajada en picado’]dip[/simple_tooltip] in alertness between 2-4 pm.
– A 15-minute [simple_tooltip content=’siesta’]nap[/simple_tooltip] when you’re tired can be a very effective way of staying alert throughout the day. [simple_tooltip content=’evitar’]Avoid[/simple_tooltip] napping for longer than 20 minutes, after which you will enter deep sleep and feel even worse when you wake up.

1________
– Regular exercise is a great way to improve your sleep. Just be careful not to do it close to bedtime as exercise produces stimulants that stop the brain from relaxing quickly.
– This being the case, exercising in the morning is an excellent way to wake up the body. Going for a run or doing some aerobics [simple_tooltip content=’lanzar, liberar’]releases[/simple_tooltip] stimulants into the body, which perks you up.

2________
– Simple [simple_tooltip content=’to breath = respirar’]breathing[/simple_tooltip] exercises can help. Breathe, using your abdomen not your chest, through your nose for three seconds, then breathe out for three seconds. Pause for three seconds before breathing in again. Practice this for ten minutes at night (five minutes is better than nothing).
– Some people find that lavender oil; valerian or other herbs help them to sleep.
– If you still have problems, you could try massage, aromatherapy, or even acupuncture.
– If you still find yourself [simple_tooltip content=’aquí = revolverse’]tossing[/simple_tooltip] and turning, abandon the bedroom and find something [simple_tooltip content=’placentero’]enjoyable[/simple_tooltip] and absorbing to do. [simple_tooltip content=’jigsaw puzzle = rompecabezas’]Jigsaws[/simple_tooltip] are perfect. Don’t go back to bed until you begin to feel sleepy.

3_________
– Make your bedroom a comfortable temperature: If your bedroom is too hot or too cold, you’ll have a hard time getting to sleep and enjoying a full night’s rest.
– Your bedroom should be for sleep only. Avoid turning it into an entertainment centre with televisions, computers and stereos.
– [simple_tooltip content=’dos tercios’]Two thirds[/simple_tooltip] of British children have a computer, games machine or TV in their bedroom and could be losing out on sleep as a result.

4_________
– Eating a [simple_tooltip content=’grande’]large[/simple_tooltip] heavy meal too close to bedtime will [simple_tooltip content=’interferir’]interfere [/simple_tooltip]with your sleep.
– [simple_tooltip content=’picante’]Spicy [/simple_tooltip]or fatty foods may cause [simple_tooltip content=’acidez de estomago’]heartburn[/simple_tooltip], which [simple_tooltip content=’llevar’]leads [/simple_tooltip]to difficulty in falling asleep and discomfort [simple_tooltip content=’a lo largo de’]throughout [/simple_tooltip]the night.
– Foods containing tyramine (bacon, cheese, ham, aubergines, pepperoni, raspberries avocado, nuts, soy sauce, red wine) might keep you awake at night. Tyramine causes the release of norepinephrine, a brain stimulant.
– If you [simple_tooltip content=’tener un antojo’]get the munchies[/simple_tooltip] close to bedtime, eat something that [simple_tooltip content=’desencadenar’]triggers [/simple_tooltip]the hormone serotonin, which makes you sleepy. Carbohydrates such as bread or cereal will do the trick.

5_________
– Create a habit of going to bed and waking up at the same time each day, even on weekends. This helps [simple_tooltip content=’fijar, anclar’]anchor [/simple_tooltip]your body clock to these times. Resisting the [simple_tooltip content=’necesidad, ansia’]urge [/simple_tooltip]for a [simple_tooltip content=’quedarse en la cama hasta tarde’]lie-in[/simple_tooltip] can pay dividends in [simple_tooltip content=’estado de alerta’]alertness[/simple_tooltip].
– If you feel you haven’t slept well, resist the urge to sleep in longer than normal; getting up on schedule keeps your body in its normal wake-up routine.
– Remember, even after only four hours, the brain has gained many of the important benefits of sleep.

¡Ahora, a practicar el vocabulario en el curso Intermediate Vocabulary with EnglishExplained.es!